Why Los Angeles Still isn't a Bicycle-Friendly City (Yet!)
Los Angeles has everything a city could possibly need to become one of the best biking cities in the United States: year-round great weather, beautiful natural scenery, mostly flat topography (along with tons of mountains if you’re craving a climb), and endless restaurants, galleries, stores, and things to see and do.
Unfortunately, even with all the great things it has to offer cyclists, Los Angeles was voted the Worst Cycling City in 2018 by Bicycling Magazine.
Where are things going wrong in Los Angeles, and what can the city do to become a friendlier biking city?
Build a Network of Bike Lanes in Los Angeles
According to the People for Bikes 2021 rating, Los Angeles scored a network rating of 28, which was slightly better than the national average of 26.
Kyle Wagenschutz, the Vice President of People for Bikes, points out that most people are only interested in cycling when it’s a safe and comfortable experience. The network score (where 100 is the best) reflects how easy it is to use the streets, trails and bike lanes in the community.
Currently, there are 700 miles of unprotected bike lanes and 19.4 lane miles of protected (and fragmented) bicycle lanes in Los Angeles - so while you may be able to get from Point A to Point B by bike, getting to Point X, Y or Z will be significantly more challenging.
By comparison, San Francisco also has around 19 miles of protected bike lanes, but the city is about one-tenth the size of Los Angeles.
Only eleven streets make up the majority of the 19.4 miles of protected bike lanes in Los Angeles:
- 2nd Street: 0.4 miles
- Anaheim Street: 0.6 miles
- Balboa Boulevard: 1.1 miles
- Figueroa Street: 2.6 miles
- Los Angeles Street: 0.5 miles
- Main Street: 1.5 miles
- Monterey Road: 0.3 miles
- Reseda Boulevard: 1 mile
- Spring Street: 0.8 miles
- Van Nuys Boulevard: 0.8 miles
- Venice Boulevard: 0.8 miles
In addition to these, there are some short stretches that altogether total less than half a mile.
While these bike lanes are, in some cases, enough to get you to the store or out for a short ride, they aren’t enough for the vast majority of people to transition to using cycling as their primary means of transport.
Implement Road Diets
Road diets are methods that can be used to reduce the amount of traffic lanes in an area, with the goal of making the roads safer and more welcoming to those using means of transportation other than cars.
Some of the most common road diet methods include increasing the width of footpaths and sidewalks, replacing one road lane with two bike lanes, and adding centre parking.
When LADOT (Los Angeles Department of Transportation) implemented a road diet in Rowena Avenue, they performed a five year pre- and post- project analysis and found extremely positive outcomes relating to the interaction between vehicles and other road users:
- The number of bicycles during peak hour increased from 14 to 71
- All types of crashes decreased to the lowest reported level on record
- Average annual crashes dropped from approximately 12 to 8
- Average annual pedestrian and bicycle crashes dropped from 9 to 6
- Unsafe speed crashes were reduced by
- Accidents on parallel side streets did not increase
So why doesn’t Los Angeles implement further road diets?
As part of the launch of the Vision Zero campaign in 2015, Mayor Eric Garcetti committed to putting some of the most dangerous streets in the city on road diets, but once they were implemented, the public backlash from motorists was swift.
Motorists and residents threatened legal action and to recall Los Angeles Councilmember Mike Bonin due to the increased time spent sitting in traffic. Eventually, some of the road diets were retracted and lanes were restored - leaving some street safe activists to wonder if the backlash caused policymakers to drag their feet in future road safety infrastructure.
“The saddest casualty here is that one of the early efforts of the Vision Zero campaign to address serious safety hazards for beach users, pedestrians, and cyclists has been thrown out without enough study of viable alternatives which might have better reconciled all the competing interests,” says Alison Kendall, a board member for the non-profit organization Sustainable Streets.
Educate Citizens About the Benefits of Cycling
The backlash towards road diets points to a cultural outlook that’s at the heart of why Los Angeles (and many other cities in the US) struggle to make lifestyle and infrastructure changes that are needed for cities to become more bike-friendly: The eternal battle between motorists and cyclists.
In reality, this shouldn’t be a battle at all. The US isn’t the Netherlands (where less than 50% of the population owns cars) - the majority of cyclists in US cities are likely to own cars. In fact, across the US, only 8.7% of households don’t own cars.
Cyclists don’t want car lanes abolished. Many still want the option of driving instead of cycling in poor weather conditions, at night, if they’re carrying luggage, or traveling long distances. All they’re asking for are laws and infrastructure that protect them on the roads.
Cycling isn’t just beneficial for mental and physical health, it has the power to transform cities:
- Cities with better cycling infrastructure have happier citizens
- For every dollar spent on bike lanes, cities can save up to $24 due to lower healthcare costs and decreased pollution and traffic
- Cycling causes no environmental pollution, making the air in cities cleaner
- Cycling enables people to immerse themselves in their environment and communities
- Cycling facilities increase the visibility of brick-and-mortar stores, helping boost local business
- Bicycles are accessible to people from almost every social class, allowing for more integrated communities
- Bikeways improve property values in the areas they’re built in
- Bicycle infrastructure leads to less accidents, making the roads safer for everyone
Organizations like LADOT, Los Angeles County Bicycle Coalition, and Sustainable Streets are working hard to educate citizens about the benefits of cycling and active transportation, but until there’s a focused effort that includes robust government support, it’s up to cyclists, citizens and grassroots organizations to try educate the wider public on why cycling isn’t just better for cyclists, but for entire cities and communities.